National Research Council of Canada. Ocean, Coastal and River Engineering
OCEANS'14 MTS/IEEE St. John's, 14-19 September, 2014, St. John's, NL
aquaculture; wave energy integrated multi-trophic aquaculture; IMTA
The collapse of the Atlantic cod fishery in the 1990s devastated the economies of many coastal Newfoundland communities. While many have survived through a combination of a much reduced fishery, government funding, and off shore or out of province employment, none of these are sustainable longterm solutions. Sea-based aquaculture (“fish farming” in pens) has provided stable employment in some areas, but only where there are suitable sites with protected, deep inlets with significant tidal or river current flushing. These geographic characteristics are not usually compatible with prosecuting the inshore fishery. Sites that were close to the open fishing grounds with minimal near shore currents were prized by the small boat fishers, but wind and wave protection were a secondary concern. Thus there are many towns and villages that are significant distances from ideal sea-based aquaculture sites.