Conseil national de recherches du Canada. Institut de recherche en biotechnologie du CNRC
Perchlorate (ClO(4) (+)) and other chlorine oxide anions were observed to complex weakly with hexamethonium (1,6-bis-(trimethylammonium)-hexane) in both aqueous and polar nonaqueous solvents. The resultant positively charged complexes were resolved by NACE using 2-propanol/acetone electrolytes prior to mass spectrometric detection using an Agilent(3D)CE system coupled to a Bruker Esquire 3000+ quadrupole IT mass detector. Using electrokinetic injection, the method detection limit for perchlorate in nonaqueous media was 10 mug/L. The isotope patterns due to the presence of (35)Cl and (37)Cl in complex mass spectra allowed for unambiguous identification of perchlorate, chlorate (ClO(3) (+)), chlorite (ClO(2) (+)), and chloride (Cl(+)) in photoreaction samples.