We study analytically the photoionization of a coherent superposition of electronic states and show that chirped pulses can measure attosecond time scale electron dynamics just as effectively as transform-limited attosecond pulses of the same bandwidth. The chirped pulse with a frequency-dependent phase creates the interfering photoelectron amplitudes that measure the electron dynamics. We show that at a given pump-probe time delay the differential asymmetry oscillates as a function of photoelectron energy. Our results suggest that the important parameter for attosecond science is not the pulse duration, but the bandwidth of phased radiation.
Physical Review Letters96, no. 6, 63002 (14 February 2006).