Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common form of malignant glioma. Current therapeutic approach to treat this malignancy involves a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy with temozolomide. Numerous mechanisms contributing to inherent and acquired resistance to this chemotherapeutic agent have been identified and can lead to treatment failure. This study undertook a metabolomics-based approach to characterize the metabolic profiles observed in temozolomide-sensitive and temozolomide-resistant GBM cell lines as well as in a small sub-set of primary GBM tumors. This approach was also utilized to explore the metabolic changes modulated upon cell treatment with temozolomide and lomeguatrib, an MGMT inhibitor with temozolomide-sensitizing potential. Metabolites previously explored for their potential role in chemoresistance including glucose, citrate and isocitrate demonstrated elevated levels in temozolomide-resistant GBM cells. In addition, a signature of metabolites comprising alanine, choline, creatine and phosphorylcholine was identified as up-regulated in sensitive GBM cell line across different treatments. These results present the metabolic profiles associated with temozolomide response in selected GBM models and propose interesting leads that could be leveraged for the development of therapeutic or diagnostic tools to impact temozolomide response in GBMs.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology125, no. 1 (October 2015): 91–102.