RNA/DNA difference (RDD) is a post-transcriptional modification playing a crucial role in regulating diverse biological processes in eukaryotes. Although it has been extensively studied in plant chloroplast and mitochondria genomes, RDDs in plant nuclear genomes are not well studied at present. Here, we investigated the RDDs associated with fusarium head blight (FHB) through a novel method by comparing the RNA-seq data between Fusarium-infected and control samples of four wheat genotypes. A total of 187 high-confidence unique RDDs in 36 genes were identified, representing the first landscape of the FHB-responsive RDD in wheat. The majority (26) of these 36 RDD genes were correlated either positively or negatively with FHB levels. Effects of these RDDs on RNA and protein sequences have been identified, their editing frequency and the expression level of the corresponding genes provided, and the prediction of the effect on the minimum folding free energy of mRNA, miRNA binding, and colocation of RDDs with conserved domains presented. RDDs were predicted to induce modifications in the mRNA and protein structures of the corresponding genes. In two genes, TraesCS1B02G294300 and TraesCS3A02G263900, editing was predicted to enhance their affinity with tae-miR9661-5p and tae-miR9664-3p, respectively. To our knowledge, this study is the first report of the association between RDD and FHB in wheat; this will contribute to a better understanding of the molecular basis underlying FHB resistance, and potentially lead to novel strategies to improve wheat FHB resistance through epigenetic methods.