The ¹³C n.m.r. chemical shifts for cholesterol in five solvents are reported. All carbon atoms were subject to solvent effects of varying sign and magnitude. The chemical shifts in the solvent pair dioxane–chloroform 1:1 could be predicted on an additivity basis. Pyridine was studied in 24 solvents; the chemical shifts of all carbons were solvent-dependent. Solvent effects at positions β and γ were correlated, while those at position α bore no simple relation to those of the other carbons. A small isotope effect was noted on comparing the data for H₂O and ²H₂O. Coupling between ¹³C and ¹⁴N was observed in some cases; its magnitude was solvent-dependent. Uridine was studied in four solvents. While all carbons were subject to solvent-induced shifts, evidence for specific solvent interaction at C-4, -5, -1′, and -2′ was obtained. An appreciable contribution to the relaxation of carbonyl C-2 and -4 from dipole–dipole interaction with the hydrogen on N-3 was observed. Solvent effects can result in scrambling and misassignment of ¹³C resonances if care is not taken with choice of solvent.
Canadian Journal of Chemistry51, no. 9: 1384–1391.