This study describes application of an equivalent circuit model (ECM) for on-line monitoring of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). ECM analytical solutions were derived for MFCs operated with pulse-width modulated electrical load connection at high and low frequencies. These analytical solutions were used to develop an on-line procedure for estimating MFC internal resistance, internal capacitance and open circuit voltage. The proposed parameter estimation and monitoring procedure was used to follow MFC startup performance as well as its performance at various organic loads. A comparison of ESM-based on-line estimations with conventional polarization tests confirmed feasibility of the proposed approach.
Journal of process control35 (November 2015): 59–64.