The thermotropic phase behavior of four members of the homologous series of dl-methyl anteisobranched phosphatidylcholines was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The odd-numbered phosphatidylcholines exhibit spectral changes in two distinct temperature ranges, while their even-numbered counterparts exhibit spectral changes within only a single temperature range. The hightemperature transition observed in the odd-numbered phosphatidylcholines and the single thermotropic event characteristic of the phase behavior of their even-numbered counterparts are both identified as gel/liquid-crystalline phase transitions. The low-temperature event exhibited only by the odd-numbered phospholipids is identified as a gel/gel phase transition that involves changes in the packing mode of the acyl chain methylene groups, as well as changes in the conformation of the glycerol ester interface. These infrared spectroscopic data thus suggest that at low temperatures the odd-numbered methyl anteisobranched phosphatidylcholines form a highly ordered condensed phase similar to the Lc phases of the linear saturated n-acylphosphatidylcholines. A comparable condensed phase was not formed by the even-numbered anteisobranched phosphatidylcholines under similar conditions. The properties of the gel states of the even-numbered anteisoacylphosphatidylcholines were generally similar to those of the high-temperature gel states of their odd-numbered counterparts. Those gel states exhibit spectral characteristics indicative of hexagonally packed but relatively mobile acyl chains. The temperature-dependent changes in the spectral characteristics of these gel states were continuous and were not resolved into the discrete but overlapping transitions observed by differential scanning calorimetry.