Crystalline materials; Crystallite size; Dielectric properties; Dissolution; Metals; Microporosity; MOS devices; Nanoparticles; Nanostructures; Semiconductor materials; Synthesis (chemical); X ray diffraction; Dissolution-reprecipitation; Flower-like structures; High specific surface area; Interconnected network; Metal oxide semiconductor; Rutile TiO; Synthesis and characterizations; Transmission electron micrograph; Oxide minerals
Rutile nanoparticles have been synthesized by acid hydrolysis of titanium isopropoxide by low-temperature dissolution-reprecipitation process. High-resolution transmission electron micrographs of the rutile colloidal solution show needle-shaped rutile nanoparticles with the dimensions of 10-30 nm in diameter and 100-150 nm in length. X-ray diffraction (XRD) data show the existence of only the rutile polymorph in TiO<inf>2</inf> powder with a crystallite size of 11.3 nm. The dielectric constant of rutile nanoparticles has been found to be 57 at 10 MHz AC frequency and DC conductance as 2.3 × 10-6 S/cm. Transmission electron micrographs and XRD data analysis imply that the rutile crystallites are self-organized in a regular fashion to produce multilayer three-dimensional linear clusters. The clusters have been found to be microporous (average porosity 1.4 nm) with high specific surface area (132.2 m2/g). At higher concentration, the clusters aggregate to produce interconnected network of star- or flower-like structures. This organized crystalline microporous metal-oxide semiconductor might find various practical applications.
Journal of Materials Research30, no. 12 (28 June 2015): 1887–1893.