Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) and NRC's Institute for Ocean Technology (IOT) collaborated on a project to predict the performance of a new design for a Suezmax size tanker that had acceptable open water performance but was also capable of operating in ice. The resulting hull form was a single screw, single rudder design with a bulbous bow, modified for operation in ice. An important design consideration is the ability of the ship to manoeuvre in different ice conditions. This paper presents the results of manoeuvring experiments in pack ice and level ice, using a free running model.
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea45, no. 5 (2008): 495–501.