National Research Council of Canada. Energy, Mining and Environment
Friction; Thermal diffusion; Coefficient of frictions; Iron boride; Tribological properties; Coatings
Engineering components, e.g. tubing systems for the down-hole applications in the oil and gas industry (in particular, sucker rod pumps, progressing cavity pumps and some other components of the artificial lifting systems), as well as numerous valves and seats, bearings, gears and plungers, require protection against friction and sliding abrasion service conditions. The hard boride based coatings on steels and alloys obtained through the thermal diffusion process have a high potential for these severe application conditions over many other types of coatings as they can be obtained on the entire working surfaces of large size and complex shape products. Intensive tribological studies of the iron boride based coatings on carbon steel obtained at Endurance Technologies Inc. have been conducted using the Cameron-Plint testing unit (reciprocating sliding of the metallic rod under the load over a flat surface of the coated samples). The friction wear loss, friction coefficient and structural changes of the coatings have been studied in dry and lubricating (water-oil) friction conditions, which simulate actual application conditions. It was demonstrated that the obtained boride coatings have the friction loss significantly smaller than untreated steel (e.g. ∼10-30 times in the dry conditions and at least 5 times in the lubricating conditions) with no peeling and flaking-off. The friction coefficients of the boride coatings are steady over the test duration. The influence of the thickness on the boride coatings performance is demonstrated. The encouraging results are explained by the specific coating structure of the hard coating obtained through the thermal diffusion process and the thin 'tribofilm' formed during a friction mode.
Advances in Applied Ceramics113, no. 7 (October 2014): 427–437.