Various analogues of adenosine 5′-diphosphate with modifications in the heterocyclic base residue were tested as substrates of rabbit muscle pyruvate kinase (ATP:pyruvate 2-0-phosphotransferase, EC. 184.108.40.206) and guinea pig liver mitochondrial phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP:oxaloacetate carboxy-lyase (transphosphorylating), EC 220.127.116.11). The significance of different structural elements for the enzyme-substrate interaction is discussed. While pyruvate kinase shows a rather broad specificity for these analogues, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase has a more stringent requirement for nucleotides, the intact keto and NH groups at C6 and N1 of the pyrimidine ring representing essential sites for the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase substrate interaction. The biological significance of the different substrate specificities of pyruvate kinase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase is discussed as a possible metabolic control factor.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Enzymology452, no. 2: 406–412.