National Research Council of Canada. Energy, Mining and Environment
9th AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference, 5-9 June 2017, Denver, Colorado, USA
Supercooled liquid water and ice crystals are atmospheric icing conditions that degrade flight safety of aircraft by affecting the performance of the airframe, air data probes and engines. A key way this threat is mitigated is by using icing detectors on the aircraft to either detect the environment or to detect when ice is accreted on a surface. This information allows the aircraft anti-icing systems to be enabled or have the aircraft exit the environment. This paper discusses a non-intrusive technology developed at NRC that can detect ice accretion on a surface and quantify its severity. The technology features a custom thin-film ultrasound transducer made to withstand in-flight conditions, combined with proprietary signal processing algorithms. Initial development was carried out in environmental chamber and icing wind tunnel tests, exposing the prototype sensors to a range of temperature, humidity, altitude and icing conditions. This technology, referred to as the Ultrasound Ice Accretion Sensor (UIAS), was then implemented in a collaborative NASA/Honeywell/ICC ice crystal icing test of a Honeywell/Lycoming turbofan aircraft engine, model ALF502. This was a full scale, altitude engine test which simulated a wide range of inflight ice crystal icing conditions. The UIAS’s were not only effective in detecting when ice had accreted but were also able to estimate the severity of the icing. This detection happened in a very short period of time; much sooner than the early performance warning indicators seen from engine and test cell instrumentation, which is key in providing the aircraft and pilot time to address the icing threat.
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
9th AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference.