National Research Council of Canada. National Science Infrastructure
We report on the third epoch of very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations of the radio-bright supernova SN 2011dh, located in the nearby (7.8 Mpc) galaxy M51. The observations took place at t = 453 d after the explosion and at a frequency of 8.4 GHz. We obtained a fairly well-resolved image of the shell of SN 2011dh, making it one of only six recent supernovae for which resolved images of the ejecta are available. SN 2011dh has a relatively clear shell morphology, being almost circular in outline, although there may be some asymmetry in brightness around the ridge. By fitting a spherical shell model directly to the visibility measurements we determine the angular radius of SN 2011dh's radio emission to be 636 ± 29 μas. At a distance of 7.8 Mpc, this angular radius corresponds to a linear radius of (7.4 ± 0.3) × 1016 cm and an average expansion velocity since the explosion of 19 000+2800 -2400 km s-1.We combine our VLBI measurements of SN 2011dh's radius with values determined from the radio spectral energy distribution under the assumption of a synchrotronself- absorbed spectrum, and find all the radii are consistent with a power-law evolution, with R ~ t0.97±0.01, implying almost free expansion over the period t = 4 d to 453 d.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society455, no. 1 (4 November 2015): 511–517.