National Research Council of Canada. National Institute for Nanotechnology
Rutile-phase TiO2 nanotube arrays without broken walls were formed by annealing of anodically formed nanotubes in a propane flame at 650 °C and in air at 750 °C. An unusual morphological transformation was observed from the ellipsoidal pore-shapes of titania nanotubes grown in aqueous electrolyte to a square-shaped pore structure subsequent to the anneals. 750 °C annealed nanotubes were found to be lightly p-type, rare in TiO2.
Royal Society of Chemistry
Chemical Communications51, no. 37 (2015): 7816–7819.