Recent exploration of natural resources and their transportation in the arctic or sub-arctic regions and the increase of traffic through the Northern Sea Route (NSR) have stimulated new structural concepts and ship designs. To evaluate the design and performance of these structures and ships, model tests in an ice tank are the preferred evaluation tool. The Maritime Ocean Engineering Research Institute (MOERI) is building the first ice tank in Korea to meet the increasing research and development challenges and opportunities arisen from the recent demands. This study mainly reviews the state-of-the-art ice modeling techniques and methodologies used in existing refrigerated model basins to assist their adaptation to the new ice tank. The physical and mechanical properties of different types of model ice and their scalability are critically assessed. Comparisons of mechanical properties from sea ice and model ice are presented and discussed. This report also briefly discusses scaling issues for ice model tests, test methodologies for ship performances in ice, and the ice testing facilities at IOT.
National Research Council of Canada. Institute for Ocean Technology
St. John's, Newfoundland
Laboratory Memorandum (National Research Council of Canada. Institute for Ocean Technology), no. LM-2007-05 (2007).